Prophet Abraham’s Second Wife Hagar, was the Founder of Mecca, Arabia

28 Jun


Many centuries ago the Prophet Abraham took his second wife Hagar (who was said to be of African descent) and his infant son Ismail, to a deserted location in the southern part of Arabia.

There was nothing there but sand. No trees for shade, nor any water.

He informed Hagar that he had to leave them there. She asked him why was he leaving them there.

He said that *G-D had revealed to him that he must do so.

She replied, “If this is what G-D has ordained then I will do as HE commands.”

After being there for some time; all her provisions of food and water were exhausted.

With her baby crying and nothing in her breast to nourish him, she left him sitting in the sand and walked to a nearby hill (later called As-Safa); looking for any travelers on the horizon.

Seeing no one; she then walked to another nearby hill (later called Al-Marwa) that was in the opposite direction.   

She still saw no one.

She then retraced her steps to the first hill.

Still no one in sight.  

She walked and sometimes ran, back and forth between these hills several times. 

Imagine the anguish of this desperate mother!

Leaving her crying child sitting in the sand, while she goes back and forth walking and sometimes running between these two hills. 

Praying to G-D the whole time, asking HIM to please let someone come to their aid. 

The child Ismail, is also distraught.

Tears running down his face while he cries loudly. 

Why has his mother left him alone sitting on the sand, while she walks back and forth? 

Why is his mother not stopping to comfort him in her arms?

He is hungry, hot and frustrated. And while he cries, he digs his heels into the sand where he sits.

After the seventh time walking and running between the hills; with tears in her eyes she looks at her crying child.

She notices moisture where he has been digging his heels into the sands.

She walks over to him and starts to dig out the sand where the moisture is.

Out comes a spring bubbling with clear water (later called the well of ZamZam).

The Merciful G-D had answered her prayers and provided water from a source that she could not have imagined.

The Help of our Merciful Creator is always close-by. 

Later travelers came who provided them with food. 

This location now became a rest spot for travelers; because it was now a place where water was available. 

Others decided to settle there permanently and thus began the city of Mecca. 

And now many centuries after this event, the Well of ZamZam is still producing water.

Other wells have been dug in Mecca, during these past centuries and they all have dried up. 

Only the well of ZamZam is still producing water.

Later Abraham and their son Ismail, built in Mecca; the First House of worship dedicated to The One True G-D.

That House is called the Khaaba. 


Abraham prayed after it’s completion, that this House would be a place of Pilgrimage for all people who believed in The One True   G-D. 

For over a thousand years it has been a requirement as part of the ritual for every pilgrim who visited the House of G-D in Mecca; to walk between the same two hills, seven times as Hagar did in the past.  

All the while praying and remembering that the Help of G-D is always near.
Just as Hagar realised so many centuries ago.
safamarwahThis photo gives a view from above of the Khaaba and As-Safa and Al-Marwah and the distance between those two hills.  

And after the completion of this ritual walk, the pilgrims will drink the water of Zam Zam.


The view  of the pilgrims walking between As-Safa and Al-Marwah inside the built walkway.

This is what G-D has Revealed in the Holy **Qur’an concerning these two hills: 

With The Name of The One True G-D, The Merciful Benefactor, The Merciful Redeemer.
“Behold! AsSafa and Al-Marwah are among the symbols set up by G-D and thus,
No wrong does he (or she) who, having comes to the House (Khaaba) on Pilgrimage or on a pious visit,
Strides to and fro between these two (hills): For, if one does more good than he (or she) is bound to do-behold,
G-D is responsive to gratitude, HE is All-Knowing. 

(End of Qur’anic verse)   

* G-D instead of g o d. When god is spelt backwards it is dog. This is not a respectful spelling of a word to be used in reference to the All-Mighty Creator of the Heavens and Earth.

** The verses of the Holy Qur’an were revealed to Muhammed

the son of Abdullah in Arabia in the 7th century.

It was revealed to him over a 23 years time period.

The Revealed Verses came from G-D’s Angel Gabriel.

Muhammed just like the majority of Arabs at that time; could neither read nor write. 

The Revealed Verses were pressed unto his heart and mind by Gabriel.

Muhammed then recited the verses to his followers and the majority of them memorised it.

Shortly after Muhammed passed away from this Earth;the Revealed Verses were compiled in the form of a book by his son-in-law Uthman.

Uthman was the third leader of the Muslim community, after Muhammed had passed away.

After the Qur’an was completed in the form of a book; Uthman gathered hundreds of the Muslims who had heard and memorised the Revealed Verses as given by Muhammed.

The complete Qur’an was recited to them; and they were asked if the verses were exactly in the same sequence and order as they had heard Prophet Muhammed recite it.

Everyone of them agreed. The written words of G-D’s Revelations to Muhammed; was the same as they had memorised it.

Many non Muslims may not be aware that the order of the Verses in the Qur’an, are not in the same order, as they were Revealed to Muhammed.

For instance the First and Last Revealed verses of the Qur’an, are in the middle of the Qur’an.

These verses are not at the beginning and nor at the end of the Qur’an.

In fact many of the early Revelations given to Muhammed, are actually at the end of the Qur’an.

Muhammed recited it in the order, as he was instructed to, by the Angel Gabriel.  

75941236Pilgrims making dua at Safa facing the holy Kabah

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