Many centuries ago the Prophet Abraham took his second wife Hagar (who was of African descent) and his infant son Ismail to a deserted location in the southern part of Arabia.
There was nothing there but sand. No trees for shade, nor any water.
He informed Hagar that he had to leave them there. She asked him why was he leaving them there.
He said that *G-D had revealed to him that he must do so.
She replied, “If this is what G-D has ordained then I will do as HE commands.”
After being there for some time; all her provisions of food and water were exhausted.
With her baby crying and nothing in her breast to nourish him, she left him sitting in the sand and walked to a nearby hill (later called As-Safa); looking for any travelers on the horizon.
Seeing no one; she then walked to another nearby hill (later called Al-Marwa) that was in the opposite direction.
She still saw no one. She then retraced her steps to the first hill.
Still no one in sight.
She walked and sometimes ran, back and forth between these hills several times.
Imagine the anguish of this desperate mother!
Leaving her crying child sitting in the sand, while she goes back and forth walking and sometimes running between these two hills.
Praying to G-D the whole time, asking HIM to please let someone come to their aid.
The child Ismail, is also distraught. Tears running down his face while he cries loudly.
Why has his mother left him alone sitting on the sand while she walks back and forth?
Why is his mother no stopping to comfort him in her arms?
He is frustrated and while he cries he digs his heels into the sand where he sits.
After the seventh time walking and running between the hills; with tears in her eyes she looks at her crying child.
She notices moisture where he has been digging his heels into the sands.
She walks over to him and starts to dig out the sand where the moisture is.
Out comes a spring bubbling with clear water (later called the well of ZamZam).
The Merciful G-D had answered her prayers and provided water from a source that she could not have imagined.
The Help of our Merciful Creator is always close-by.
Later travelers came who provided them with food.
This location now became a rest spot for travelers; because it was now a place where water was available.
Others decided to settle there permanently and thus began the city of Mecca.
And now many centuries after this event the Well of ZamZam is still producing water.
Other wells have been dug in Mecca, during these past centuries and they all have dried up.
Only the well of ZamZam is still producing water.
Later Abraham and their son Ismail, built in Mecca; the First House of worship dedicated to The One True G-D.
That House is called the Khaaba.
Abraham prayed after it’s completion, that this House would be a place of Pilgrimage for all people who believed in The One True G-D.
For over a thousand years it has been a requirement as part of the ritual for every pilgrim who visited the House of G-D in Mecca; to walk between the same two hills, seven times as Hagar did in the past.
And after the completion of this ritual walk, the pilgrims will drink the water of Zam Zam.
The view of the pilgrims walking between As-Safa and Al-Marwah inside the built walkway.
This is what G-D has Revealed in the Holy **Qur’an concerning these two hills: